Figuring out how to transfer car ownership may sound complicated and troublesome. But actually, the procedure of changing the name of a car or changing car ownership is not as difficult as you think. You need to know things related to the process of car transfer ownership, especially if you want to buy a used car or sell your old car.
Change Ownership: 4 Ways to Transfer Car Ownership Malaysia
The process of changing the vehicle owner’s name is often referred to as ‘transfer car ownership’ or ‘car ownership transfer Malaysia.’ It is one of the important tasks that must be completed before you buy or sell your old car. In the event of an incident or a road accident, the legal car owner, as indicated in the vehicle registration, is responsible for any events that occur.
Qoala provides a comprehensive guide on how to change car ownership in Malaysia, including the vehicle name change process for your reference and guidance.
1. JPJ Transfer Ownership Procedure (Voluntary Transfer of Car Ownership Malaysia)
The process of transferring ownership of a vehicle or changing car ownership at the JPJ (Road Transport Department) is actually quite easy and does not take much time. You can use third-party services or do the JPJ ownership transfer process yourself at the JPJ counter. You can follow the JPJ change ownership procedure as follows:
i. Settle Any Outstanding Loans (If Applicable)
If you intend to sell your old car to another individual, you must ensure that any outstanding car loan or balance is fully paid off. This is because the process of transfer of ownership for a vehicle that is not fully paid off is subject to specific procedures.
ii. Complete the Puspakom Transfer of Ownership
Secondly, the transfer of car ownership requires a Puspakom inspection. You need to have the vehicle inspected at Puspakom as part of the ownership transfer to the new owner. You can either handle this Puspakom ownership transfer transaction yourself, or the new owner can be present at Puspakom for the inspection.
To facilitate the process, it’s advisable to schedule an appointment with Puspakom in advance. You can choose to have the Puspakom inspection done at your preferred location or through Puspakom’s mobile inspection service. To learn more about the Puspakom change ownership procedure, you can refer to the Puspakom website for further information.
Booking Puspakom for Vehicle Transfer of Ownership: MyPuspakom Inspection Appointment Registration Guide
If you want to know how to book Puspakom to change car ownership, the following guide may help streamline your Puspakom ownership transfer inspection process:
a. MyPuspakom Account Registration
Here’s how to create a MyPuspakom account:
- Click on the First Time Login button;
- Then, choose the appropriate account type based on the type of inspection;
- Enter the required account information – name, identification number, address, and other necessary details;
- Upload the necessary supporting documents;
- Finally, click the Register button.
b. Booking a Puspakom Inspection Appointment for Car Change Ownership Malaysia
Here’s how to schedule a Puspakom inspection appointment for car ownership transfer:
- Log in using your registered email address and verified password;
- Select the New Appointment button;
- Provide the required vehicle information – vehicle category, type, usage class, and so on;
- Then, choose your preferred State and Inspection Date. The availability of inspection dates and times depends on the current circumstances;
- If the inspection is carried out by a representative, enter the representative’s information or the person who will be present;
- Confirm your appointment details;
- Verify the payment amount and make the payment online using a credit card, debit card, or FPX (internet banking).
Puspakom Ownership Transfer Documents
Bring along documents such as your identification card and the original vehicle grant or Vehicle Ownership Certificate (VOC) during the Puspakom inspection. Additionally, don’t forget to bring the Appointment Confirmation Slip during the inspection.
Once the inspection is completed, Puspakom will issue a Puspakom Borang B5, which will be used by the Road Transport Department (JPJ) during the car ownership transfer procedure.
Car Ownership Transfer Fee Malaysia
The fee for vehicle ownership transfer through Puspakom is only RM30.
iii. Perform Transfer of Ownership JPJ (How to Transfer Ownership of A Car from the Original Owner)
If you are the original owner of the car, you must personally visit the JPJ office to carry out the JPJ car ownership transfer process. The car transfer ownership process must be done at the Road Transport Department (JPJ) because it requires biometric verification (JPJ fingerprint or thumbprint verification).
Car Transfer Ownership JPJ Documents
Bring along car ownership transfer documents to JPJ, such as your identification card and the original vehicle grant or Vehicle Ownership Certificate (VOC). You will also need to fill out the JPJ car transfer form – the Borang Penyata Pertukaran Milikan Kenderaan Motor Secara Sukarela Oleh Pemunya Berdaftar (JPJ K3).
To fill out this form, you will need to provide information such as your full name, identification card number, and the addresses of both the original and new owners. After completing the form, a thumbprint verification (car ownership transfer thumbprint) will be carried out.
The JPJ will then issue a JPJ thumbprint slip, indicating that the vehicle ownership transfer process has been completed on your behalf.
iv. Perform JPJ Change Car Ownership (How to Transfer Car Ownership to the New Owner)
If you are the owner of a used car, you should be aware that your car’s road tax and insurance will be automatically canceled once the original owner’s fingerprint verification process is completed.
It is advisable to renew your car’s road tax and purchase car insurance before proceeding with the ownership transfer at JPJ. You can renew your car insurance and road tax through Qoala for added convenience.
Once completed, the JPJ will issue a Vehicle Ownership Certificate (VOC) under your name.
Documents for Change of Ownership at JPJ
For this procedure, you will need to bring the required documents for vehicle ownership transfer JPJ, including:
- Identification card;
- Original vehicle grant or Vehicle Ownership Certificate (VOC);
- Borang B5 Puspakom (Puspakom Form B5);
- JPJ thumbprint slip of the original owner;
The process of transferring vehicle ownership should be completed promptly to avoid certain risks. For example, if you sell your car but do not transfer ownership, and the buyer engages in criminal activities, you may be held responsible for any incidents because the car is still registered in your name.
2. Transfer Car Ownership Malaysia Online (MySikap Transfer Ownership)
You can also transfer ownership online without the need to visit JPJ. Here is a comprehensive guide on how to change car ownership online through the MySikap portal for your reference and guidance.
i. Register a MySikap Account
If you do not have an account with MySikap, you need to register your account first to enable you to proceed with the JPJ name transfer process. Besides the voluntary transfer of ownership, the MySikap portal also allows you to perform transactions such as:
- Renewal and cancellation of motor vehicle licenses;
- Renewal of driving licenses;
- Application for international driving permits;
- Appeals for expired driving licenses;
- Checking JPJ traffic summonses.
ii. Log In to Your MySikap Account
Once the registration is complete, or if you already have a MySikap account, you can log in to your account. You can follow the online car ownership transfer process as follows:
How to Transfer Name for Car – Original Car Owner
For the original car owner, you need to follow the vehicle ownership transfer process as follows:
- Log in and select “Kenderaan” (Vehicles);
- Then, choose “Permohonan Pertukaran Hak Milik Kenderaan (Pemilik Berdaftar)” (Application for Transfer of Vehicle Ownership Rights – Registered Owner);
- Enter the Car Plate Number and click “Teruskan” (Proceed);
- Relevant information will be displayed – verify the details, then click “Teruskan” (Proceed) once again;
- Enter the email address of the Registrar and the New Owner, then click “Teruskan” (Proceed);
- The process is complete – save the receipt for your reference.
How to Change Car Ownership Malaysia – New Owner
If you are the new car owner, here are the steps to change car ownership for your reference:
- Log in and select “Kenderaan” (Vehicles);
- Then, choose “Permohonan Pertukaran Hak Milik Kenderaan (Pemilik Baharu)” (Application for Transfer of Vehicle Ownership Rights – New Owner);
- Enter the Car Plate Number and click “Teruskan” (Proceed);
- For the “Pengisytiharan Kenderaan” (Vehicle Declaration) section, select “Semenanjung” (Peninsula) and click “Teruskan” (Proceed);
- Enter the payment information and click “Bayar” (Pay);
- Verify the information and click “Teruskan” (Proceed);
- Print the receipt and bring it with you for the next steps at any nearby JPJ branch.
Although the initial vehicle ownership transfer procedure can be done online, you still need to visit JPJ for fingerprint verification or thumbprint verification as part of the car ownership transfer process.
3. Change Car Ownership Without the Original Owner
In the case of the owner’s passing, the vehicle ownership transfer procedure can be somewhat complicated. Here is a comprehensive guide on how to transfer ownership of a vehicle owned by a deceased owner for your reference:
i. File a Claim with the Small Estates Division or Land Office
If the original owner did not leave a will, the heirs can file a claim for the distribution of the small estate first. Once the distribution is completed, the heirs will receive a letter of authority for the distribution of the estate left behind.
Heirs who receive a vehicle under the deceased’s name can initiate the ownership transfer process using the letter of authority for ownership as supporting documentation. This transaction should be completed promptly before the road tax expires.
This is because the road tax for a vehicle still registered under the name of a deceased owner can only be renewed every six (6) months by the closest heirs.
ii. Conduct a Puspakom Inspection for Ownership Transfer
After the estate distribution process is completed, heirs need to bring the original car registration and the vehicle to Puspakom for inspection. Similar to the voluntary transfer of car ownership process, Puspakom will issue a B5 Puspakom report.
This form will be used during the car registration transfer process.
iii. Visit JPJ for Car Ownership Transfer
After completing both of the above processes, heirs can proceed with the car ownership transfer at any nearby JPJ office. What are the costs for car ownership transfer and motorcycle ownership transfer? Here is a list of car ownership transfer fee for your reference:
|Vehicle Type||Car Ownership Transfer Fee Malaysia 2023|
|Fee of Motorcycle Ownership Transfer Malaysia||RM30|
|Change of Ownership JPJ Fee||RM100|
|Commercial Vehicle Ownership Transfer Fee||RM40|
To facilitate the process of transferring vehicle ownership, heirs or applicants are advised to personally appear at the JPJ office. If the applicant wishes to appoint a representative, they must provide personal identification information and an official appointment letter.
For the vehicle ownership transfer process, applicants need to prepare the following documents:
- A certified copy of the High Court order confirmed by the Court; or
- A certified copy of the Probate Letter confirmed by the Court; or
- A certified copy of the Letter of Administration confirmed by the Court; or
- A certified copy of the Distribution Order/Appointment Order under the Small Estates (Distribution) Act 1955, confirmed by the Director General of Land and Mines Department; or
- A certified copy of the Faraid Order confirmed by the Sharia Court;
- An affidavit (made by the heir as stated in the faraid order) regarding the rejection of property must be included;
- The affidavit must be made in front of a government-employed commissioner for oaths/Magistrate/Judge;
- This affidavit must be included if the Faraid Order does not state the name/heir of the deceased’s motor vehicle.
- A certified copy of Schedule Three by the Court of the State of Sabah, confirmed by the Court of the State of Sabah; or
- A certified copy of the order in Form C confirmed by the State Land and Survey Department of Sabah.
4. Transfer Ownership of Car in Malaysia with Loan
How to transfer car ownership Malaysia that still has an outstanding loan? Is it even possible to change the ownership of a car with an outstanding loan? In essence, you are not allowed to change the ownership of a car that still has an outstanding loan, regardless of whether it’s to a spouse, sibling, or parent.
In other words, there is no way to transfer ownership of a vehicle that is still tied to a bank loan. If you are bound by a bank loan, you must settle the loan balance first before you can change the ownership of the vehicle. However, this is subject to specific circumstances.
For instance, a new owner who buys a car under someone else’s name can apply for a new car loan for the same vehicle. The interest rate and loan amount depend on the prevailing interest rate at the time and the amount agreed upon by both parties (the current market value of the car).
This approach allows the name of the previous owner to be changed to the new owner, and the remaining loan balance will be settled by the new owner’s bank.
Requirements and Documents Needed for Car Ownership Transfer in Malaysia
To facilitate the process of transferring car ownership, there are several requirements and documents for car change of ownership that need to be prepared. You can refer to the requirements and documents as follows:
1. General Requirements for Vehicle Ownership Transfer
The following are the general requirements for transferring vehicle ownership that must be adhered to before you proceed with the vehicle ownership transfer procedure:
- The original car owner and the buyer must be present in person at any JPJ branch for biometric fingerprint verification;
- For the vehicle ownership transfer process without the owner, a representative can only be appointed by the registered owner or the new owner (buyer) for vehicles other than individually owned vehicles;
- There should be no restrictions such as ownership claims by financial institutions, unsettled customs tax records, blacklist records, and the like;
- The vehicle intended for ownership transfer (except for motorcycles) must have undergone an inspection at Puspakom;
- The registration permit for registered original owners must be canceled;
- All fees must be settled;
- The documents required for car ownership transfer (original owner and buyer) are as follows:
- Identification documents such as MyKad, MyTentera, MyPR, or passport;
- If the vehicle to be transferred is not owned by an individual, an official appointment letter must be provided by the representative;
- Completed JPJK3 form;
- Motor vehicle registration certificate;
- Government/Bank/Financial Institution/Insurance/Association/Cooperative/Private Limited Company/Public Limited Company/Sole Proprietorship/Partnership/Local Authority/Embassy/High Commission/Consulate/International Organization identification verification documents such as:
- A copy of Form 49 (Required);
- A copy of the resolution/minutes related to the vehicle sale;
- Form 9 or Form 13 certified by the company secretary or the Companies Commission of Malaysia (SSM) (whichever is applicable);
- A copy of Form D certified by SSM;
- Other identity verification documents (if applicable);
- Vehicle motor sale agreement confirmation letter.
2. Special Requirements for Vehicle Ownership Transfer
The following are special requirements for transferring car ownership that must be adhered to before you proceed with the vehicle ownership transfer procedure:
- For registered owners residing outside the country, you must provide a passport copy certified by the Malaysian Embassy in the respective location. Additionally, you will need a sale agreement confirmation letter signed by the registered owner in front of and certified by an officer at the Malaysian Embassy in the respective location;
- For registered owners who cannot be located or contacted, you will need a court order to transfer the vehicle ownership;
- For company-owned/partnership-owned vehicles that have been wound up or are in the process of dissolution and are managed by Receivers and Managers/Liquidators, you will need the following documents:
- Vehicle sale agreement letter;
- A copy of Form 59 certified by SSM;
- A copy of Form 70 certified by SSM;
- A copy of Form 72 certified by SSM.
4. For commercial vehicles, the following items are needed:
- Special Inspection (B2) at Puspakom, especially for off-road vehicles;
- Preliminary inspections PG11A/PG13B for machinery/ firefighting vehicles/tow trucks/hearses;
- Cancellation letter of the permit/approval of change of conditions by SPAD/LPKP/ Ministry of Tourism;
- Letter of approval of license renewal or approval letter of change of conditions;
- A fully completed JPJK1 form if the motor vehicle will operate as decontrolled;
- A fully completed JPJK11 form if the motor vehicle will operate off-road;
- A copy of the exemption letter from the Treasury/MITI/Customs certified (if applicable).
Car Insurance Transfer Ownership, Renew Insurance with Qoala for A Peace of Mind
Hopefully, this sharing on how to transfer car ownership in Malaysia can help facilitate your car ownership transfer process. The car ownership transfer JPJ procedure is essential if you intend to buy or sell your car.
Furthermore, if you want to get best car insurance for your vehicle’s protection, visit Qoala website for more information. Qoala is the best insurance comparison and renewal platform in Malaysia. Qoala offers the best insurance options with competitive car insurance prices.