In Malaysia, driving without a valid driving license is a serious offense that can lead to hefty fines or even imprisonment. Therefore, it is important to obtain a driving license before driving on the road. The process of obtaining a driving license involves taking a test to demonstrate your knowledge of traffic laws and your ability to safely operate a vehicle. Once you have passed the driving test, you will be issued a driving license that will allow you to legally operate a car or motorcycle on the road.
Procedure to Get a Driving License in Malaysia and Motorcycle Driving License
Driving without a valid driving license and car insurance is illegal and poses a greater risk of accidents to both the driver and passengers. By driving without a license, you not only risk receiving a fine but also put your own and other road users’ lives at risk. Therefore, it is critical to obtain a valid driving license and car insurance before driving.
1. Motorcycle or Driving License in Malaysia: Requirements You Need to Fulfil
To obtain a driving license in Malaysia, it is mandatory for all individuals to take driving classes and meet the basic qualifications set by the Road Transport Department (JPJ). Below are the basic qualifications that need to be fulfilled in order to obtain a car or motorcycle license in Malaysia, for your reference:
- Eligibility requirements include meeting the minimum age requirement;
- Good physical health;
- Clear vision up to at least 23 meters;
- Not color blind;
- Understand the rules and regulations of Malaysian road traffic.
You must meet the minimum age requirements based on the type and class of license you want, as listed below:
- 16 years old and above – Class A, B2, full B or C motorcycle license;
- 17 years old and above – Class D or DA car license;
- 21 years old and above – Class E to I driving license (possessing a valid CDL license).
Individuals with disabilities (OKU) who wish to obtain a driving license must obtain a health examination form from any nearby JPJ branch. Candidates must also obtain a driving or riding qualification confirmation from a Medical Officer at any government health clinic or hospital.
Non-citizens or permanent residents who wish to obtain a car or motorcycle license in Malaysia must have a valid visitor passport and visa for a minimum of one month.
2. Types of Car Licenses, Driving License Classes in Malaysia
The types of driving licenses and driving license classes in Malaysia are determined based on the driver’s qualification level and the type of vehicle. Here are five types of driving licenses according to the Malaysian Road Transport Department (JPJ) for your reference:
i. Learner Driving License (LDL)
The L license for cars allows individuals to learn to drive under the supervision of an experienced trainer. The L license for cars (or L license for motorcycles) needs to be renewed every three or six months if the individual has not taken or passed the JPJ test.
However, the validity period of the L license is two years from the date of issuance. If the L license expires or exceeds the allowed two-year period, the individual needs to start the process from the beginning to obtain a driving license.
ii. Probationary Driving License (PDL)
New drivers who have passed the driving license test and completed the driving learning procedures at a driving institute can apply for the P license at JPJ. The P license is valid for a period of two years.
iii. Competent Driving License (CDL)
The CDL license refers to the full driving license given to drivers after the two-year probationary period (P license).
iv. Vocational Driving License (VDL)
A special driving license is issued for commercial vehicle drivers such as lorries and buses. This license is issued jointly by the Road Transport Department and the Commercial Vehicle Licensing Board (LPKP).
v. International Driving Permit (IDP)
This type of license allows Malaysian citizens to drive vehicles outside the country. However, an application for an International Driving Permit (IDP) must be made beforehand at any state or branch JPJ office or at the Automobile Association of Malaysia (AAM) office.
As for driving license classes, they are determined based on the type and capacity of the vehicle. Here is a complete list of vehicle driving license classes as stipulated by the Malaysian Road Transport Department (JPJ) for your reference:
|A||Disabled person’s vehicle (motorcycle) with an unladen weight not exceeding 450kg|
|A1||Disabled person’s vehicle (motorcar) with an unladen weight not exceeding 3500kg|
|B||Motorcycle (Individual) – exceeding 500cc|
|B1||Motorcycle (Individual) – not exceeding 500cc|
|B2||Motorcycle not exceeding 250cc|
|D||Motorcar – unladen weight not exceeding 3500kg|
|DA||Motorcycle without clutch pedal – unladen weight not exceeding 3500kg|
|E||Heavy motorcar – unladen weight exceeding 7500kg|
|E1||Heavy motorcar – unladen weight not exceeding 7500kg|
|E2||Heavy motorcar – unladen weight not exceeding 5000kg|
|F||Tractor/Light Moving Machinery (Wheeled) – unladen weight not exceeding 5000kg|
|G||Tractor/Light Moving Machinery (Tracked) – unladen weight not exceeding 5000kg|
|H||Heavy Moving Machinery/Tractor (Wheeled) – unladen weight exceeding 5000kg|
|I||Heavy Tractor/Moving Machinery (Tracked) – weight without load exceeding 5000kg|
3. Driving Test: Driving Classes, Computerized Driving License Test, Driving Practice, and Others You Need to Know
For those of you who want to obtain a driving license for the first time, either for a car or motorcycle, here are the steps to get a car license and motorcycle license to help ease your first-time driving license application process:
i. Driving License Registration
To register for a driving license class, you can contact your preferred driving institute for registration. Marketing personnel will assist in answering all questions such as how long it takes to get a car or motorcycle license, the process of obtaining a car license, passing marks for the computer test, and so on (if any).
ii. Attend KPP01 (Driving Education Curriculum Course)
The KPP01 Class D course or any vehicle class is usually held on weekends. Among the common questions asked by driving students during training are how many hours of car license lectures or motorcycle license lectures are there? Usually, the driving license theory class will be conducted for six hours.
This theory class is conducted separately for each license class. Candidates are advised to dress neatly and politely when attending this course.
iii. Driving License Computer Test
After completing KPP01, candidates will take the Computerized Driving License Theory Test or commonly known as the Driving License Computer Test. Usually, the passing marks for the motorcycle and car computer license test are 42/50.
If a candidate fails the driving license computer test, they must retake the exam.
Example of Driving License Computer Test Questions for Motorcycles/Cars: Driving Blindness Test, Driving Computer Test
The main objective of the motorcycle or car driving license computer test (L license test) is to ensure that candidates have basic knowledge related to traffic laws, road signs, and so on.
If a candidate passes this computerized test, they will receive an L license. You can refer to examples of driving license test questions or driving test questions such as:
Driving Blindness Test 2022
This blindness test contains eight questions and must be answered within a time limit of 15 minutes only. You must answer all questions correctly to enable you to pass the blindness test.
If a candidate fails the blindness test, they are advised to go to a government clinic for further action.
iv. Receive L License
After passing the KPP computer test, the candidate will be issued a Learner Driving License (L). How long does it take to get the L license? Usually, it takes about a week to get the L license ready.
v. Attend KPP02 – Circuit Training (Curriculum Education for Drivers)
KPP02 refers to practical training on the circuit. This means that you will learn to drive or ride a motorcycle under the supervision of an experienced instructor.
How many hours of driving lessons are there? How many hours of car driving lessons are there? How many hours of KPP02 car lessons are there? or how many hours of motorcycle driving training? These are common questions asked by driving students.
For motorcycle class B2 or B, it takes 9.5 hours. Meanwhile, class D or DA is conducted for 5.5 hours.
|Driving License Type||Driving Test|
|Car Manual License (D)||
|Car Automatic License (DA)||
|Motorcycle License (A, B, B2 and C)||
vi. KPP03 – Practical Driving Training on the Road (Driver Education Curriculum Course)
After completing the driving practice in the circuit, the candidate will undergo the KPP03 course. KPP03 course refers to driving practice on the road under the supervision of an experienced instructor for 10 hours for KPPO3 car (Class D and DA).
The driving learning form (SM4) will be issued after the candidate completes the training.
|License Type||Driving Test Description|
vii. Automatic/Manual Car QTI Test
It refers to an internal test conducted by the driving institute. Candidates must take a driving test before taking the JPJ Practical Test. If the candidate passes the driving test, they will be allowed to take the JPJ Practical Test.
viii. JPJ Practical Test – Part 2 and 3 Test
Candidates who pass the QTI test will take the JPJ Practical Test or commonly known as the JPJ test. Candidates who pass the JPJ Practical Test or JPJ Driving Test will be eligible to obtain a probationary driving license (P license). Candidates who fail will have to retake the test.
ix. Receive a Car License or Motorcycle License
The car and motorcycle licenses will be processed and issued by the JPJ to candidates who pass this driving test. It allows you to drive a car or motorcycle on the road with a valid driving license.
4. Driving Test: Car and Motorcycle License Fees 2023
Basically, the price of a driving license varies depending on the location. However, it is subject to a ceiling price set by the Licensing Committee of Driving Institutes (JKPIM) under the management of the Malaysian Road Transport Department (JPJ).
The establishment of this ceiling price aims to ensure a consistent pricing rate in every state and assist users in obtaining a driving license (car or motorcycle license) at a reasonable price.
|Category||License Class||Driving License Fee|
|Motorcycle License||B2||RM350 to RM450|
|B||RM900 to RM1,100|
|Manual Car License||D||RM1,150 to RM1,300|
|Auto Car License||DA||RM1,250 to RM1,500|
Notice: The displayed prices for car and motorcycle driving licenses are estimates only. Any changes in price are subject to additional services provided by the driving institute.
We hope this guide on obtaining a driving license for car and motorcycle has helped ease your process. Additionally, if you are looking for the best car insurance or motorcycle insurance that suits your needs, visit the Qoala website for more information.
Qoala provides a variety of vehicle insurance options to make it easier for you to compare before renewing your car insurance. Get a free insurance quote on Qoala today and renew your car or motorcycle insurance quickly, easily, and efficiently.